Module N-VI, Holotropic Breathwork

Module N-VI, Holotropic Breathwork


Addictions come from the unsatisfied search for wholeness. When the addict discovers this incessant and fruitless journey, great ways to overcome the addiction itself and enter the spiritual dimension are revealed.

Since its inception in 1976, thousands of people in multiple places around the world have used this technique with impressive therapeutic results. Synthesis Breathing (R.S.), Transpersonal Breathing (R.T.), Empagenic Breathing, in short, inspired by Stanislav Grof's Holotropic Breathing, is one of the most powerful and effective techniques of experiential psychotherapy and deep self-exploration existing in the field. of Transpersonal Psychology.

This is based on hyperventilation, evocative music, body work and the creation of mandalas. It synthesizes ancient spiritual traditions and universal symbolism with the most recent discoveries about the functioning of the brain.  

It is recommended in situations of anguish or anxiety, feelings of discomfort in everyday life, depressive states, recovery from addictions, life crises, phobias, post-traumatic situations (abuse, family violence or all kinds...).
And also to those who wish to delve deeper into self-exploration, self-discovery, spiritual awakening and expanding consciousness.

It allows you to activate the fantastic healing power of states of expanded consciousness and integrate its different levels. Its main purpose is to achieve greater self-understanding and get to the root of emotional and psychosomatic problems. In addition, it helps us release aspects of the personality that prevent the smooth development of the talents and creative abilities that exist as potential in every human being.

The consistent use of this tool exposes problems instead of covering them up, increases the chances of reaching an authentic resolution of them, and leads not only to personal transformation, but also to spiritual opening. Both in our psyche and in our bodies, we carry traces of different traumatic events that we have not been able to process and that are the origin of various symptoms and disturbances.






Connection with the body

Expansion of consciousness


It allows you to activate the fantastic healing power of states of expanded consciousness and integrate the different planes of human consciousness. Associated with other therapeutic techniques, it synthesizes ancient spiritual traditions and universal symbolism with the most recent discoveries about the functioning of the brain.

According to Stanislav Grof, Holotropic Breathing provokes “spontaneous therapeutic activity” and according to psychotherapist Bernadette Blin, “hyperventilation allows one to surrender to the inner healer and explore the realms of the unconscious.”
Often used as a complementary therapy in psychotherapy, Holotropic breathing is effective against:
Traumatic neurosis (Past traumas)

· The Depression

· Anxiety and anguish

· Phobias

· Migraine

· And more…


After arrival at L' Hort de la Riera and once settled in the respective rooms, we will begin with the opening ritual and the informal presentation of the group.

Next, we will carry out a meditation of Consciousness-Presence and the Body Work of preparation with a touch of Animasophy, a term coined by Gabriel Jaraba, and a set of activities that we title “Breaking Masks”.

After a break, we will begin to prepare Holotropic Breathing: forming breathing partners and assigning different roles.

Half of the group will breathe on Saturday and the other half on Sunday.

After lunch, we will begin the first of the Holotropic Breathing sessions.

And after dinner we will continue with the first integration session.

The next day, the second session of Holotropic Breathing will take place, and after lunch, the second integration session that will end with the Closing Ritual: a closing exercise that will allow us to seal an intense and transformative weekend.

Friday June 7, 2024

Arrival time 6:00 PM

Group presentation.

The Way of the Psychonaut, the legacy of 50 years of Stan Grof studies, with his most recent discoveries.

Introduction of the technique, for new students, in subgroups.

Dinner and accommodation.

Saturday June 8, 2024


Work prior to Holotropic Breathwork: Consciousness-Presence,

First Turn of Holotropic Breathing.



Dinner and accommodation.

Sunday June 9, 2024


Second round of Holotropic Breathwork



Closing Ritual.

Workshop Run by :

Magda Solé y Jaume Mestres

Information and registration::

Tel. 667 366 866

Limited places

Effects of conscious connected breathing on cortical brain activity, mood and state of consciousness in healthy adults


Breathwork as a means of inducing non-ordinary states of consciousness is gaining traction as a potential therapeutic modal- ity. We examined the effects of breathwork (in the form of connected breathing) on electroencephalography (EEG) and mood in 20 healthy participants (aged between 23 and 39 years (female = 11, Mage = 29). In addition, to compare with other means of inducing non-ordinary states of consciousness, we assessed the subjective effects of breathwork using the 11 Dimension Altered State of Consciousness questionnaire. EEG spectral power analysis of eyes closed rest recordings before and after the breathwork session showed a decrease in delta (1–4 Hz) and theta (4–8 Hz) frequencies in frontotemporal and parietal regions, respectively no changes were seen in Alpha (9–12 Hz) and Beta (12–30 Hz) bands. However, after decomposing the beta waves in Beta 1 (12–15 Hz), Beta 2 (15–20 Hz), Beta 3 (20–30 Hz), decreases in power were observed across Beta1 and Beta 2 in parietotemporal regions. Notably, the spectral power in gamma increased in experienced practitioners. Scores on the Profile of Mood States questionnaire showed a reduction in negative affect (anger, tension, confusion, and depres- sion) and an increase in esteem. Scores on the 11D-ASC scale indicated that subjective experiences during breathwork were similar to those after medium to high doses of psilocybin, suggesting the occurrence of experiences of mystical quality. Present results indicate that breathwork changes brain activity and mood, and induces mystical experiences. These results are promising and suggest that such techniques could be useful to improve mental well-being.

Controlled breathing techniques (commonly called breath- work) have been employed across various contemplative and religious traditions to induce meditative states and changes in physiology through the combination of attentional guidance and spontaneous, deep, accelerated breathing (Vago & David, 2012). These techniques have also become incorporated within modern breathwork practices and are increasingly applied in therapy context as body-mind complementary health practices (Victoria & Caldwell, 2013), due to the inherent connection of the breath not only with our physiol- ogy but also with our emotions (Homma & Masaoka, 2008).

Scientific research shows that regulating one’s own breathing can induce psychological changes such as a reduction in anxiety. For instance, slow-paced breathing in healthy adults has been found to increase vigor and to reduce tension, depression, hostility and confusion as meas- ured by the Profile of Mood States questionnaire (Fumoto et al., 2004; Yu et al., 2011). Recently a review of sixteen studies indicated that a range of breathwork interventions resulted in a decrease of anxiety in adults with clinically diagnosed anxiety disorders. In contrast, two of these stud- ies, applying Surdashan Kriya Yoga (including alternate nos- tril breathing) and respiratory biofeedback-assisted therapy, found an increase in anxiety and depression (Banushi et al., 2023). Notably, the majority of studies used slow breathing techniques while in particular those studies utilizing slow diaphragmatic breathing showed positive effects on out- come measures. A review including three studies in healthy adults indicated that after implementation of a diaphrag- matic breathing intervention breathing rates decreased and stress was reduced as indicated by lower scores on the stress subscale of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS- 21) and reduced respiratory rate, salivary cortisol levels, sys- tolic and diastolic blood pressure (Hopper et al., 2019). A recent meta-analysis of 12 randomised-controlled trials in healthy adults (10 studies were primarily focussed on slow- paced breathing and 2 studies on fast-paced breathing) on self-reported/subjective stress showed that breathwork was associated with lower levels of stress than control condi- tions (Fincham et al., 2023). The above studies demonstrate that particularly slow-paced breathing might have a positive effect on lowering psychological and physiological stress in adults with or without anxiety disorders. Slow breathing has as any rate from 4 to 10 breaths per min (0.07–0.16 Hz). The typical respiratory rate in humans is within the range of 10–20 breaths per min (0.16–0.33 Hz) (Zaccaro et al., 2018).

In addition to induce psychological and physiological changes, breathwork has been found to change brain activity in healthy subjects, as measured by electroencephalography (EEG). With respect to slow paced breathing, as well as beta-power (Stancák et al., 1993) as alpha-power were found to increase while theta power was found to decrease (Fumoto et al., 2004; Yu et al., 2011). More recently, results of a study in healthy subjects on the effects of slow breathing (bradyn- pea) and fast breathing (tachynpea) on EEG power indicated that fast breathing increased theta power in frontal parietal and occipital areas while slow breathing did not result in any change in theta power (Sinha et al., 2020). Research shows that the frontoparietal network demonstrates a large degree of connectivity to many diverse brain networks and is crucial for supporting superior cognitive functioning (Marek & Dosenbach, 2018).

More Information :

Breathing Their Way to an Altered State

Published Jan. 9, 2024 Updated Jan. 10, 2024

Damien Maloney for The New York Times

As psychedelics move from the underground to mainstream medicine, clinicians aspiring to work in the field are inducing altered states with deep breathing.

The instructions were simple: Lying on cots while wearing eyeshades, participants were directed to take deep belly breaths without pause to the beat of fast-paced music booming from loudspeakers.

The exercise, they were told, had the potential to induce an altered state of consciousness so profound that breathers sometimes describe it as reliving the terrifying moment of their birth. Past participants claim to have caught glimpses of past lives.

A few minutes into the session, which lasted nearly three hours, several participants began to weep. Some shook their limbs wildly, looking possessed. An outsider walking in would have been startled by the scene.

But the dozens of attendees at the recent breathwork workshop in San Francisco were far from hippies or cult initiates. They were health care professionals completing the final step of a certificate program in psychedelic therapy.

The vigorous modality, known as holotropic breathwork, is offered at the end of an eight-month training to provide a lawful taste of the therapeutic potential and pitfalls of altered states of consciousness.

Dr. JJ Pursell, a naturopathic doctor from Oregon, was among the trainees who walked into the early October session skeptical that a couple of hours of intense breathing could induce anything close to a psychedelic trip. But she was stunned.

“The depth of what I experienced was so similar to psilocybin,” Dr. Pursell marveled, referring to the psychoactive compound in magic mushrooms. “It was trippy.”

Students in a San Francisco breathwork seminar wept and shook their limbs. “The depth of what I experienced was so similar to psilocybin,” Dr. JJ Pursell recalled.Credit…Damien Maloney for The New York Times

A Promising Field of Study, Long Fallow

The demand for psychedelics as tools for healing has exploded in recent years, fueled by promising clinical studies, loosening drug laws and a growing number of celebrities who have come out as psychonauts. The N.F.L. star Aaron Rodgers described ayahuasca ceremonies as a catalyst for “deeper self love.” In her new autobiography, the actor Jada Pinkett Smith credited ayahuasca sessions with putting an end to her suicidal ideation. And ketamine, an anesthetic that induces a dissociative, psychedelic-like state, has become an increasingly popular treatment for depression among people who get it at clinics or self-medicate.

This cultural shift was turbocharged by the author Michael Pollan’s 2018 book, “How to Change Your Mind,” which was adapted into a Netflix series. Psychedelics have also been at the center of popular recent novels and streaming dramas, including the Hulu series “Nine Perfect Strangers,” in which Nicole Kidman plays an underhanded healer at a retreat center called Tranquillum House.

As the stigma of psychedelic use recedes, hundreds of clinicians are seeking formal training to help resurrect a field of medicine that was eagerly pursued in the 1950s and ’60s, but was hastily abandoned after President Richard M. Nixon announced the war on drugs.

Mental health experts say that traditional interventions to treat depression, trauma and addiction are failing many patients in the United States, which is grappling with a high suicide rate and an opioid addiction epidemic that killed approximately 75,000 peoplein 2022.

“In psychiatry and psychology, we’ve hit a brick wall,” said Janis Phelps, the director of the Center for Psychedelic Therapies and Research at the California Institute of Integral Studies, the first program of its kind at a university.

Since Dr. Phelps, a psychologist, started the training program in 2015, the quest to resurrect psychedelic medicine has made major leaps.

Several universities have opened psychedelic-research centers. The federal government has begun to fund psychedelics studies. Voters in Oregon and Colorado have approved measures to legalize the therapeutic use of psychedelics. And researchers are optimistic that the Food and Drug Administration could approve the clinical use of MDMA, the drug known as ecstasy, as early as this year.

This nascent era comes with formidable challenges. Decades of prohibition have made it difficult to rigorously study the limitations and perils of these compounds, which for some people can be more destabilizing than healing. Psychedelic therapy often straddles medicine and spirituality, raising thorny questions of who should get to guide these experiences and what sort of credentials ought to be required. And the vulnerable state they induce has enabled predatory behavior from guides and even licensed psychotherapists.

The training program at the Center for Psychedelic Therapies and Research, which has enrolled more than 1,200 students since 2016, was created with the aim of establishing best practices and ethical guidelines as psychedelics move from the underground to mainstream medicine. Since its founding, several other similar training programs have emerged.

They have all wrestled a basic quandary: How do you teach a form of therapy that remains largely illegal?

Participants took turns practicing the breathing exercise and tending to a peer.Credit…Damien Maloney for The New York Times

Powering Down the ‘Thinking Brain’

Dr. Caroline J. Hurd, a palliative care doctor from Seattle, enrolled in the certificate program because she had grown frustrated by the limitations and side effects of medications commonly used to alleviate the pain and anguish of terminally ill patients.

“Most of the tools that we have to treat symptoms lead to disconnection,” she said, describing patients who spend their final days groggy and emotionally withdrawn. She was intrigued by clinical studies that showed that psychedelics eased the fear and dread of people facing grim prognoses, allowing them to be more present and emotionally resilient in their final days.

Her own mortality was not top of mind when she slipped on her eyeshades and began taking heaving breaths at the October workshop, her first time trying holotropic breathwork. During the early stages of the session, which included fast-paced songs, Dr. Hurd said her “thinking brain really turned off.” As the music slowed toward the end, a mesmerizing image crystallized in her mind: Dr. Hurd saw herself lying on a nest of sticks, surrounded by her children, at the moment of her death.

Far from being alarming, the vision filled her with wonder and made her feel as if she had grasped something ineffable about death. “I don’t need to worry about what’s on the other side,” she said, describing the insight. “It could be as simple as, I’m just returning to the dirt and becoming soil, and that’s OK.”

Dr. Bayla Travis, a psychologist in Oakland, Calif., was drawn to the training because she has come to conclude that chronic pain — her specialty — is often a physical manifestation of repressed emotional trauma. In the future, she hopes to help patients confront difficult memories and emotions with the aid of psychedelics.

Dr. Travis said she had embarked on the breathwork session with low expectations because a previous workshop she had participated in had been unremarkable. She was in a cheerful mood when the recent training began, she recalled. But within minutes, Dr. Travis was overcome by a wave of heavy emotions that made her cry and shake as she tapped into what she described as a “deep, deep sorrow that wasn’t particularly about anything.”

After cycling through periods of sadness and bliss, Dr. Travis had a powerful vision as the session was winding down. She saw herself being carried by an adult. The image was deeply soothing. “I think it means I get to be comforted,” Dr. Travis said. The many tears she shed felt a bit mysterious, she added.

“It was like, Oh, this is under the surface and maybe I’ve been walking around with this not having had an opportunity to give it expression.”

At 92, an Early Booster Sees Hope

Shortly after scientists in Europe and the United States began sampling and studying psychoactive drugs like LSD in the 1940s, some psychiatrists saw potential for therapeutic applications. In combination with psychotherapy, the compounds appeared to help some patients reframe traumatic memories, overcome addiction and overhaul their mind-set.

A leading advocate of their therapeutic promise was the Czech-born psychiatrist Stanislav Grof, who wrote several books documenting what he saw over years of using psychedelics and administering them to patients in Prague and Baltimore.

“Psychedelics, used responsibly and with proper caution, would be for psychiatry what the microscope is for biology and medicine or what the telescope is for astronomy,” he wrote in “LSD Psychotherapy,” a book published in 1980.

By then, the war on drugs had stifled the field, prompting Dr. Grof to develop a new breath-based modality that borrowed from ancient Indian and shamanic practices. Holotropic breathwork — a term that blends Greek words that mean moving toward wholeness — became a means to induce altered states of consciousness without drugs.

The effects of holotropic breathwork on the brain and mood have not been widely studied. But in a study published last year, European researchers found that the modality affected brain activity and mood in ways “that are associated with a better mental condition.”

In an interview, Dr. Grof, 92, said that he had discovered, much to his surprise, that breathwork sessions could be as powerful as psychedelic trips. Altered states, whether breath- or drug-induced, he said, often allow people to unravel the root causes of their suffering quickly, making them more effective than conventional treatments like antidepressants.

According to Dr. Grof, current therapies seek to suppress patients’ symptoms and make sense of problems rationally through psychotherapy. But, he added, “some of the most important problems cannot be resolved verbally.”

In the twilight of his career, Dr. Grof speaks ebulliently about the resurgence of psychedelic-assisted therapy. But seizing their potential will require administering them with strong safeguards, he said.

“Right now, so many people want to take psychedelics,” he said. “And few people have the training” to guide these experiences, he added. Experts say holotropic breathwork should be done under the supervision of trained facilitators.

Dr. Stanislav Grof, an early advocate of psychedelic therapies, has emphasized the importance of proper training and supervision for psychedelic experiences.Credit…Damien Maloney for The New York Times

‘Bouncing Between Hell and Heaven’

Laura Berg, a psychiatric nurse from New Mexico, said she had learned the hard way about the perils of self-medicating with psychedelics.

Ms. Berg, who spent most of her career working for the Department of Veterans Affairs, turned to psychedelics after losing faith in the cocktail of antidepressants and mood stabilizers she was prescribed as she struggled with burnout and feelings of helplessness caring for Iraq war veterans.

Taking the drugs in ceremonies and festivals left her feeling dazed and withdrawn for years, Ms. Berg said. She struggled to reconcile the mind-bending and heart-opening experiences she had on psychedelics with the grim reality of her clinical work.

“It was kind of like bouncing between hell and heaven,” said Ms. Berg, a recent graduate of the California Institute of Integral Studies training.

In 2016, Ms. Berg attended a holotropic breathwork workshop, which she said made her realize that she had the capacity to heal herself relying less on medication. That set in motion a personal and professional transformation for Ms. Berg, who became trained to facilitate holotropic breathwork sessions and helped in the October session.

Since then, Ms. Berg has watched with guarded optimism as psychedelics have become increasingly accessible and coveted. As things stand, there are far more people seeking out these treatments than practitioners who are skilled and experienced in guiding them. “It’s not a panacea,” she said. “It’s not going to turn you, necessarily, into an enlightened person.”